AbstractWater in municipal sludge has an electric double layer (EDL), and can be rapidly removed via electroosmosis. However, the understanding of the physical mechanisms of electroosmosis is limited owing to the complex pore structure of sludge porous media, which may restrict the development of electric dewatering (EDW) technology. In this study, the sludge microstructure was measured using the computerized tomography technique and quantitatively characterized using fractal geometry. A new pore-scale physical model for the electroosmotic flow through sludge porous media was developed based on the EDL theory, and the analytical expressions for the electroosmotic flow rate and permeability coefficient were determined. The proposed fractal pore-scale model for electroosmotic flow was validated by comparing it with the measured electroosmotic flow rate using a self-designed EDW device for municipal sludge composed of a hydraulic system and applied electric field. The results show that the electroosmotic flow rate of sludge porous media depends not only on the applied electric field, but also on the sludge microstructure including porosity, maximum pore size, and pore and tortuosity fractal dimensions. However, the correlation between the electroosmotic flow rate and the voltage gradient was usually nonlinear, and became linear only if the tortuosity fractal dimension equaled to one (straight flow path). The electroosmotic permeability coefficient increases with an increase in porosity; however, it is lowered by the increased pore and tortuosity fractal dimensions under a certain porosity. The electroosmosis phenomenon can effectively remove part of the interstitial water and surface water in sludge porous media, and the proposed electroosmotic physical model provides a useful theoretical basis for the development of EDW technology for municipal sludge.

Source link

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *