AbstractCold-recycling technology with foamed asphalt is used widely because it has the incomparable advantages of environmental protection and resource conservation. In this study, cold-recycled mixtures with foamed asphalt were prepared with different gradation types, mixing water contents, and curing times to study the distribution characteristics of residual moisture. An optimum foaming water content of 2.5% and foaming temperature of 165°C were determined for producing the foamed asphalt that was used for the cold-recycled asphalt mixtures. Hyperspectral imaging tests and spectral processing technology were used to obtain the image information and spectral information of residual moisture from 44 specimens; the moisture content of all specimens ranged from 0.25% to 4.70%. Pseudocolor-coding technology was utilized to realize visualization of moisture distribution. In addition, the residual moisture content prediction model was established based on the partial least-squares regression (PLSR) model. Correlations of the residual moisture distribution characteristics and moisture damage resistance evaluation indicators were developed. The residual moisture distribution characteristics and moisture damage resistance are affected significantly by aggregate gradations, mixed water content, and curing time. After 3 days of curing, the strength of the recycled mixture tends to be stable, and the moisture damage resistance can reach the specification requirements, and is suitable for open traffic. It was confirmed that there is a certain correlation between the internal residual moisture content value distribution range and the moisture damage resistance of the cold-recycled mixtures with foamed asphalt. This study could contribute to a better application of cold-recycled asphalt pavement for environmental protection and carbon stabilization.