CIVIL ENGINEERING 365 ALL ABOUT CIVIL ENGINEERING



AbstractIn previous decades, shale gas production has been given special attention as a clean source of energy. Technological advancements in multi-well especially horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing, have raised more research on how to produce shale gas commercially while studying its challenges. CH4 gas production by using CO2 injection is a combination of several parameters, including both fracking and geologic parameters. This paper investigated the influence of aligned and staggered multiwell placement patterns to enhance CH4 gas recovery and CO2 sequestration. A three-dimensional reservoir model was built and simulated, and the influence of reservoir and fracking parameters was analyzed. The results revealed that the staggered well pattern is the best pattern for CH4 gas recovery during continuous injection, with a 37% increase of recovery with late CO2 breakthrough, compared with the aligned well pattern, which had 31% increase recovery, associated with early CO2 breakthrough. In terms of CO2 gas storage, the aligned well pattern had a significant amount of CO2 storage during continuous injection and huff and puff injection by storing 4% more carbon dioxide during continuous injection and 7% more during huff and puff injection than that in the staggered well pattern. Different injection timings of 1, 2, and 3 years, and injection cycles of one, three, and five cycles were analyzed during huff and puff injection. The results showed that five cycles of injection had the highest methane gas recovery, 23% and 21%, in aligned and staggered well patterns, respectively. Furthermore, the influence of injection start time also was analyzed, and results showed that injection after 10 years of production produced higher methane gas recovery and CO2 storage in both aligned and staggered well patterns, followed by injection after 5 years of production, after 3 years of production, and during the first year of production. Sensitivity analysis revealed that horizontal matrix permeability, vertical matrix permeability, initial reservoir pressure, reservoir temperature, injection pressure, injection rate, fracture porosity, and fracture spacing played a vital role in both methane gas recovery and carbon dioxide gas storage in both well patterns. In addition, results showed that methane recovered during continuous injection is higher than during huff and puff injection in both aligned and staggered well patterns. Results obtained from this paper can help to improve shale gas production in multiwell placements, and save time and cost. This paper should motivate more research into the mitigation of global warming through CO2 geosequestration.



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