AbstractAsphalt binder is one of the key constitutive components of hot-mix asphalt (HMA) that considerably affects its rutting performance. In particular, the high-temperature rheological properties measured from the multiple stress creep and recovery (MSCR) test are critical for correlating to the HMA rutting resistance. In this study, the Texas flexible pavements and overlays database was used as the data source to investigate the effect of asphalt-binder high-temperature rheological properties on the HMA rutting resistance. The study methodology was based on correlating the results of the MSCR test and the Hamburg wheel-tracking test (HWTT) to HMA field rutting performance. The data matrix for the study included asphalt binder (PG 64-22) from three different sources, three widely used Texas HMA mixes (fine gradation to coarse gradation), and five in-service highway test sections constructed using the same asphalt binders and HMA mixes. In general, the MSCR nonrecoverable creep compliance parameter, Jnrdiff, showed fairly strong correlations with the HMA rutting performance in the laboratory and field. The percent recovery parameter (R), on the other hand, exhibited the potential to ascertain and quantify the presence of modifiers in the asphalt binders. Furthermore, the test results indicated that material source/supplier has an impact on the rheological properties of the asphalt binders with the same performance grade (PG). Overall, the use of the MSCR test to quantify the asphalt-binder high-temperature rheological properties indicated the potential to compliment the laboratory HWTT test for correlating with the field HMA rutting performance in terms of the effects of asphalt binder.