AbstractFor bridges susceptible to barge collision, design provisions are typically utilized in determining collision scenarios and impact loading. Provisions in the United States require that bridges be designed to withstand two distinct collision events: direct (head-on) and glancing (e.g., oblique side). Head-on impact scenarios are represented using empirically determined static loads, and perpendicular impact loads are applied with magnitudes assumed equal to 50% of head-on impact loads. Subsequent to the formation of these provisions, numerous studies have identified the need to account for dynamic phenomena when designing bridges to resist vessel collision loads. Further, design-oriented computational techniques have been developed to characterize representative vessel–bridge collision scenarios, quantify dynamic barge impact loads, and compute time-varying bridge responses. While previous studies focused on head-on barge–bridge collision, the current study characterizes oblique side barge impact loading and resulting bridge response. Parameters such as barge flotilla configuration, impact angle, and location of impact initiation are investigated across a range of bridge models, leading to the identification of design-relevant oblique side impact scenarios. An alternative to the 50% design approach for oblique side impact scenarios involving the corners of barge bows is then proposed for assessing overall stability. The proposed approach incorporates dynamic phenomena and maintains agreement relative to more detailed analyses.

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