CIVIL ENGINEERING 365 ALL ABOUT CIVIL ENGINEERING



AbstractInfluence line (IL)–based damage indices for long-span bridges are investigated in this study. Their effectiveness is experimentally validated for the first time through the scaled physical model of the Tsing Ma Bridge (TMB). First, the IL mechanism for damage detection and its corresponding damage indices are briefly introduced. Subsequently, the scaled TMB model instrumented with different types of sensors, including displacement sensors, strain gauges, and accelerometers, is introduced. The IL characteristics of different bridge components are compared. Two different damage cases with single- and double-damage locations at the bottom chord were tested. In the single-damage case, different ILs extracted from the nearby components were used for damage identification. These ILs can successfully locate damage visually. The strain IL (SIL) is more sensitive to local damage than deflection IL, but its detection performance degrades rapidly with the increasing distance between sensor and force locations. In the double-damage case, the SIL extracted from a single sensor cannot identify both damage cases because of the limited detectable range of each SIL; therefore, using multiple sensor information becomes necessary. For comparison, the modal parameters were also employed for damage detection. These experimental results validated the merits of the IL–based methods proposed for long-span bridges, indicating that IL–based damage indices are good indicators of local damage detection in long-span bridges. This finding contributes to the development of real-time techniques for damage localization in long-span bridges equipped with a structural health monitoring system.



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