AbstractThis study aims to investigate the fatigue behavior and healing properties of aged asphalt binders. Both 70# and SBS-modified asphalt binders were aged using a rolling thin-film oven test (RTFOT), and their physical properties were analyzed. Their fatigue behavior and healing properties were investigated using a dynamic-shear-rheometer time-sweep test. The influence of healing on fatigue behavior was evaluated in terms of the fatigue life ratio (FLR), and a new index was defined (accumulated dissipation-energy ratio, ADER) to evaluate the healing properties of aged asphalt binders. Aging reduced the penetration and ductility of both the asphalt binders, and large aging degrees increased their softening points. Small aging degrees slightly decreased the softening point of the SBS-modified asphalt binder but increased that of 70# asphalt binder. The former had a better thermal-oxidative aging resistance than the latter. Aging increased the complex shear modulus of the binders, resulting in a longer fatigue life under controlled-stress conditions. The fatigue life of aging asphalt binders obeyed a good (R2>0.90) double-logarithmic linear relationship with the stress level. Healing recovers the asphalt complex shear modulus and extends its fatigue life. Additionally, the FLR and ADER increased with a decrease in aging degree and an increase in the healing period.