CIVIL ENGINEERING 365 ALL ABOUT CIVIL ENGINEERING



AbstractExcavation-induced ground movements can have a detrimental influence on adjacent structures and services. These complex soil–structure interactions are affected by a range of factors such as ground conditions, excavation sequence, and the characteristics of the structures. Considerable prior research has been concerned with understanding the ground response during excavation and in evaluating the potential damage to adjacent facilities. A number of case histories have been reported worldwide. Finite-element analysis can be effective in providing insight into the response of the ground and adjacent structures during the entire construction process. Previous studies have shown that observed excavation behavior (e.g., ground movements and retaining wall deformations) can be captured reasonably well in finite-element analysis, provided that certain key modeling aspects are appropriately addressed. This paper extends a previous deep excavation case study in greenfield conditions (i.e., without adjacent buildings and utilities included in the analysis), focusing particularly on the excavation-induced settlements of nearby buildings and buried pipelines. Sensitivity analyses have been conducted to investigate the effects of several aspects on the computed settlements of buildings and pipelines, such as (1) building weight, (2) building stiffness, (3) building foundation type, (4) ground improvement measures, and (5) geometries and material properties of pipelines. Conclusions are drawn for future applications.



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