AbstractThe compressive behavior of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP)-confined concrete columns with a noncircular cross section has been investigated through extensive experimental, analytical, and numerical research, but a unified theoretical/numerical approach that can accurately predict both their section-average behavior and local concrete behavior is not yet available. In noncircular columns under axial compression, the concrete is typically under a nonuniform stress state of three-dimensional (3D) compression, with the lateral compressive stresses being the reactive stresses from the confining device (i.e., passive confinement). The authors of the present paper recently developed a plasticity constitutive model for concrete under general 3D compressive stresses, which possesses a potential surface with an evolutionary deviatoric trace that can accurately capture the results of existing compression tests of concrete cubes under nonuniform, passive confinement. This paper explores the application and capability of this evolutionary potential-surface trace (EPT) plasticity constitutive model in finite-element (FE) analysis of FRP-confined square, rectangular, and elliptical plain-concrete columns under concentric compression. The section-average behavior of all the selected noncircular columns predicted by these FE analyses was close to the existing experimental data. The numerical results obtained with the EPT plasticity constitutive model were then examined in detail to achieve an improved understanding of local concrete behavior in FRP-confined noncircular columns.