CIVIL ENGINEERING 365 ALL ABOUT CIVIL ENGINEERING



AbstractThis paper investigates the impact of revised seismic hazard values in the National Building Code of Canada (NBCC 2015) on the design of reinforced-concrete (RC) shear wall buildings. Five buildings with different heights located in three cities in Canada are selected. Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver are selected to represent low, medium, and high seismic hazard zones. The buildings are designed according to the NBCC 2010 and then checked against the updated design spectral accelerations of the NBCC 2015. The seismic demands are compared, and the need for retrofit of existing walls is evaluated. The analyses showed that the maximum interstory drift ratios increased specially for buildings in Vancouver. The shear force and bending moment demands increased for most buildings in Vancouver by up to 32% and 60%, respectively. A significant decline in the moment overstrength ratio was noticed for walls in Vancouver, which indicates that flexural strengthening might be mandatory for these walls. Moreover, the code changes had a great negative impact on the walls’ ductility for buildings in Vancouver due to the higher deformations exhibited. Several retrofit techniques available in the literature were discussed to enhance the flexural strength and ductility of RC shear walls as remedies for the consequences of the updated seismic hazard in Canada.



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