CIVIL ENGINEERING 365 ALL ABOUT CIVIL ENGINEERING



AbstractAccurate cost forecasting in budget planning and contract bidding is crucial for the success of construction projects. Linear models such as the autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) and nonlinear models such as the artificial neural network (ANN) have been adopted in the literature for forecasting construction costs. However, both linear and nonlinear models are subject to some limitations derived from their modeling structure and assumptions. This study proposes a hybrid ARIMA-ANN model for forecasting construction costs and explores whether the hybrid ARIMA-ANN model can provide more accurate forecasts than an individual ARIMA or ANN. The national and city-level construction cost indices (CCIs) are forecasted for three forecasting horizons (short-term, mid-term, and long-term) using three forecasting models: (1) linear ARIMA, (2) nonlinear ANNs, and (3) the hybrid ARIMA-ANN model. Out-of-sample forecasting exercise reveals that the hybrid model combining the distinctive features of both ARIMA and ANNs performs better than individual models in most forecasting cases, especially for longer-term forecasting horizons. The findings can help project planners, cost engineers, and decision makers prepare for more accurate budgets and bids for diverse construction projects in different locations.



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