AbstractBy maximizing offsite work and minimizing onsite activities, modular construction has become increasingly popular in high-rise, high-density cities. For successfully delivering high-rise modular buildings, a key issue is the effective scheduling of offsite logistics, consisting of module manufacturing, transportation, and storage. This paper proposes an integrated offsite logistics scheduling approach for high-rise modular building projects that addresses project-specific constraints and uncertainties, based on the stochastic Petri net (SPN) method. The proposed approach supports multi-criteria decision-making, that considers completion time, total cost, storage capacity utilization, and production process stability under what-if scenarios. Its efficacy and novelty for offsite logistics scheduling were demonstrated through a real-life project case study. The results indicate the need to (1) strengthen suppliers’ demand responsiveness by shortening module production time; (2) enhance manufacturing flexibility by increasing factory storage utilization; (3) improve supply chain synchronization; and (4) capitalize on the government’s role in offsite logistics enhancement. The findings methodologically innovate offsite logistics scheduling, and practically support contractors and module suppliers in successfully delivering high-rise modular building projects in high-density cities.

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