AbstractWater distribution networks (WDNs) are complex interconnected networks that require extensive planning and maintenance to ensure good quality water is delivered to all consumers. The main task of WDNs is to provide consumers with a minimum acceptable level of supply (in terms of pressure, availability, and water quality) at all times under a range of operating conditions. However, the water infrastructure in North America signifies an urgent need of upgrading the aging and deteriorating distribution systems if they are to continue to provide consumers with reliable and safe water supplies. In this context, this research is proposing a new reliability model for assessing the mechanical/structural as well as hydraulic conditions of a WDN to identify failure-prone components and prioritize their renewal. The developed model provides a systematic and practical methodology to calculate the mechanical/structural reliability of the pipe and its accessories (valves, hydrants, and so on) through the consideration of historical failures of components. The research deployed pressure-dependent demand analysis to determine the hydraulic reliability of the network in meeting the pressure requirements and overall hydraulics of the network. The minimum-cut-set theory was implemented in both reliability assessments, and the outputs of the two models were integrated to provide a representative reliability of the network. A sensitivity analysis was followed to study the change in segments’ attributes on the mechanical/structural and hydraulic reliabilities. The approach was implemented on the City of London, Canada, network (north and south) to test its applicability. The developed model is expected to assist decision makers in integrating the failure records with the hydraulic simulation to plan for optimum intervention actions.