AbstractIn this study, the mutual effect of polyphosphoric acid (PPA) and ethylene bis(stearamide) (EBS) modification was examined on the high and low service temperatures and viscosity of a performance grade (PG) 58-22 asphalt binder as a conventional neat bitumen widely used for paving applications. Three different dosages of PPA, including 0.5%, 1.0%, and 1.5% were used to modify the neat asphalt binder, and 3% of EBS as a selected percentage was added to PPA-modified samples. The dynamic shear rheometer was used to evaluate the high-temperature properties of the neat and modified bitumens based on standard Superpave protocol parameter (G*/sinδ) and multiple stress creep and recovery test. The low service temperatures of the samples were determined using the bending beam rheometer test. Also, the high-temperature ranges viscosities of the samples were evaluated using a series of rotational viscometer tests. The results have shown that increasing the PPA dosage up to 1.5% enhances the high service temperature of the neat asphalt binder 20.4°C and 14.7°C based on Superpave protocol and multiple stress creep and recovery test, respectively. However, it deteriorates the low-temperature performance of modified binders from −24.3°C to −16.9°C. The EBS can significantly compensate for the negative effect of PPA modification on the low-temperature behavior of modified bitumens. The optimum combination was 1% PPA+3% EBS as it provides a similar low-temperature grade to the neat asphalt binder having a significant two grades enhancement of high service temperature. Modifying a PPA-modified asphalt binder with EBS can reduce its viscosity at high temperatures, leading to saving energy of mixing and compaction.