AbstractThermal power plants in India produce a large quantity of fly ash, which is harmful to the environment. Underutilization of fly ash and the scarcity of natural minerals have created the need for an unusual construction strategy to prevent huge waste dumps on valuable land and to preserve fast-depleting resources. A study was conducted to determine the efficacy of lime-stabilized fly ash blended with quarry fines as flexible pavement subbase materials. The laboratory investigations were conducted to determine compaction characteristics, unconfined compressive strength, California bearing ratio (CBR), and durability to obtain the optimal quarry fines, fly ash, and lime (QFL) mix. The durability of QFL mixes was studied using 12 wetting–drying cycles. Using the strength and durability criteria specified by the Indian Road Congress, the optimum mix proportion of 40Q:60F+3L was determined. Pavement analyses were performed using the IITPAVE program. The QFL mix was observed to be superior to conventional granular subbase (GSB) layer material in terms of service life and cost-effectiveness. A field investigation was carried out on trial test sections constructed using the optimum QFL mix and GSB in the subbase layer of pavement. Field dry density and dynamic cone penetrometer (DCP) tests were performed on the compacted subgrade and subbase layers to assess the desired quality assurance in the construction of test sections. The early structural performance assessment of pavement sections using a falling weight deflectometer (FWD) test indicated that QFL could effectively replace conventional GSB.

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