CIVIL ENGINEERING 365 ALL ABOUT CIVIL ENGINEERING



The special collection on the LADR CI 2020 Summit Cyprus is available in the ASCE Library (https://ascelibrary.org/jladah/ladr_workshop_2020_cyprus).The Journal of Legal Affairs and Dispute Resolution in Engineering and Construction (LADR), in collaboration with the ASCE Construction Institute (CI), held another successful LADR workshop in Limassol at the Cyprus University of Technology on August 4, 2020.The manuscripts presented were approved via a rigorous review after the call for papers was sent in 2019, until June 2020. They are of high quality, covering interesting topics that fell in the scope of LADR, including public–private partnership (PPP) projects, project sustainability, standard form contracts, laws, claims, payment issues, defect litigation, delay issues, lost productivity issues, disruption analysis, and dispute resolution, among others.One manuscript (Demeke Cherkos and Jha 2020) dealt with the implications of PPP projects’ success and failure in toll roads and particularly in new and thus inexperienced markets. The authors attempted to suggest ways to enable successful application of PPP procurement in such cases, by taking mitigation measures at an early stage of the project.Sarhadi et al. (2021), after examining the evolving history of sustainable projects, explored sustainability of construction projects at the agency level, arguing that a sustainable project’s goals have a great potential to improve at the agency level by motivating stakeholders to go beyond the constraints of profit-based objectives and to take more flexible and consensus-oriented stances.The workshop included a manuscript that examined the noncompliance of fixed tariffs for architectural and engineering services within the European law—an issue that has been troubling construction consultants working in European Union for decades (Quapp and Holschemacher 2020).Two manuscripts examined issues related to water and river disputes between nations which, with the exponential rise in population, development, and need for industrialization, took center stage, causing issues related to borders, political relations, and economic ties between nations. Kumar Sinha et al. (2020) studied three large international water basins, followed by an attempt to propose solutions for mitigating such disputes and bringing their existence to the bare minimum. Kar et al. (2020) studied two different types of river water projects in India, identifying 15 factors leading to disputes and revealing the implication of disputes, mainly an increase in project cost, project schedule variance, and socioeconomic losses.Agrawal et al. (2021) presented their outcome on examining and comparing 12 Indian and international standard forms of contract, aiming to open the concept of measuring the quality of drafting of standard forms with an objective to make contracts less prone to costly arbitrations and litigations.In litigation, expert witnesses on technical matters is very important. A manuscript analyzed the issues concerning the building envelope within construction litigation, aiming to identify building envelope–related defects and inform design and construction professionals of their responsibilities and liabilities on these building envelope–related defects with the goal of helping to reduce future construction defect litigation (VanDemark et al. 2021).Two manuscripts dealt with the causes of delay and subsequent disputes in construction projects. They adopted different approaches for the examination of this very important subject and the results presented were rather interesting and valuable. One of the manuscripts attempted to model the causes of disputes in construction projects (Kumar Viswanathan et al. 2020). The other manuscript examined the causes of delay and the available delay mitigation measures from the perspective of the main stakeholders and presented measures for mitigating delays based on their acceptability (Vacanas and Danezis 2021).ReferencesReferences Agrawal, A. K., M. Jagannathan, and V. S. K. Delhi. 2021. “Control focus in standard forms: An assessment through text mining and NLP.” J. Leg. Aff. Dispute Resolut. Eng. Constr. 13 (1): 04520040. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)LA.1943-4170.0000441. Demeke Cherkos, F., and K. N. Jha. 2020. “Enabling successful application of PPPs in new (inexperienced) markets: Implications of PPPs’ success and failure in toll roads.” J. Leg. Aff. Dispute Resolut. Eng. Constr. 12 (4): 05020015. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)LA.1943-4170.0000434. Quapp, U., and K. Holschemacher. 2020. “Noncompliance of fixed tariffs for architectural and engineering services with European law.” J. Leg. Aff. Dispute Resolut. Eng. Constr. 12 (4): 05020013. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)LA.1943-4170.0000426. Sarhadi, M., S. Hasanzadeh, and S. Yousefi. 2021. “Evolving history of sustainable project: Exploring existential meaning at the agency level.” J. Leg. Aff. Dispute Resolut. Eng. Constr. 13 (2): 04521003. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)LA.1943-4170.0000459.



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