AbstractThe near-surface-mounted (NSM) fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) strengthening technique for reinforced-concrete (RC) beams has attracted worldwide research attention and application in the past two decades. In spite of improved bond strength between the NSM FRP and concrete, compared with the externally bonded (EB) FRP method, premature debonding failure still occurs, and, hence, the efficiency of the NSM FRP intervention is limited. An intuitive means to enhance efficiency is to apply anchorage devices to the RC beam; however, the availability of viable anchorage is limited for NSM applications. A novel anchorage device is therefore presented in this paper, which is referred to as an embedded FRP anchor (EFA). The concept, manufacture, and installation of the EFAs were initially presented. The effectiveness of EFAs in NSM FRP-strengthened RC beams was then ascertained through full-scale beam tests and comparison with an NSM FRP-strengthened beam anchored with a U-jacket. Moreover, the effects of EFA parameters on the behavior of anchored beam were also investigated. The test results not only prove the high anchoring efficiency of EFA but also reveal the significant effects of EFA parameters on the failure mode, load–deflection response, and NSM FRP strain of the EFA anchored beam.