AbstractThis study presents the application of three recent metaheuristic optimization algorithms to design the tuned mass damper (TMD) for a high-rise building structure, taking into account the effect of soil–structure interaction (SSI) in the frequency domain. The algorithms used in this study were grey wolf optimizer (GWO), moth–flame optimization (MFO), and whale optimization algorithm (WOA), and the obtained results were compared with the well-known particle swarm optimization (PSO) and genetic algorithm (GA). The TMD optimization problem was formulated with two objective functions: the H2 and the H∞ norms of the top floor displacement. The frequency, the mass, and the damping ratio of the TMD were optimized within defined bounds for a 40-story benchmark structure. Unlike in previous research, the optimization in this study was performed for different mass ratios. First, the efficiency of the obtained optimum parameters was plotted in the frequency domain and then tested in the time domain by presenting the top floor displacement of the same benchmark structure. The time domain analysis was carried out using the El Centro and Petrolia earthquakes as external disturbances. It was found that the optimal TMD parameters are affected by the soil type. The GWO algorithm reached the optimal solutions faster and more efficiently than the other algorithms. GA limitations were pointed out.

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