AbstractBiomass from agricultural production is a renewable energy source with a high-volatile content. Semicoke (SC) and gasification residual carbon, which are ultralow volatile carbon-based fuels (LVFs), are by-products of the coal chemical industry, which are over capacity and urgently need to be cleanly and effectively consumed. Biomass and LVFs exhibit complementary fuel characteristics, particularly the volatile content, which can potentially be coprocessed efficiently. Furthermore, oxyfuel combustion technology can not only realize carbon dioxide (CO2) capture and benefit from carbon neutrality, but also effectively reduce NOx emissions. The cocombustion of biomass and ultralow volatile fuel under oxyfuel conditions can both use individual benefits and effectively control pollutant emissions. However, the cofiring characteristics and interaction mechanisms of LVF with biomass in an oxyfuel atmosphere are yet to be fully understood. In this study, three ultralow volatile fuels and one typical biomass were selected to explore the oxyfuel cocombustion characteristics via thermogravimetric experiments. The experimental results indicated that blending with wheat straw (WS) improved the overall combustion performance, the ignition point was close to that of WS, and the burnout temperature was close to the average value of the two individual fuels. An increase in the oxygen content can effectively enhance the combustion feature of ultralow volatile fuels while it has little effect on the burnout performance of biomass. In the presence of high-content CO2, the decomposition of carbonate in ultralow volatile fuel is impeded and the decomposition temperature is slightly increased. The present investigation can promote the efficient co-utilization of inferior LVFs and biomass, which also benefits CO2 capture, carbon neutrality, and even negative carbon emissions.