AbstractThe percentage of voids in mineral aggregates (VMA) is an important consideration in the design of asphalt mixtures. Accurate and precise prediction of VMA is critical in pavement engineering. This study reviewed and evaluated current VMA prediction methods. From the perspective of treating aggregate gradation, the methods were classified into four categories: the overall gradation prediction method (OGPM), gradual gradation prediction method (GGPM), indirect parameter prediction method (IPPM), and theoretical derivation method (TDM). Fifty-four groups of published test data from previous studies were used to evaluate the prediction results of the models, and the precision and accuracy of the prediction results were compared. From the perspective of the completeness of the modeling parameters and the theoretical foundation, the reasons for the differences in prediction results with different methods were analyzed. It was concluded that the TMD has a solid theoretical basis, especially the Yu method in TMD exhibited the best prediction precision and accuracy. Some modifications to the current methods were suggested, such as incorporating other factors affecting VMA and optimizing the particle shape indicators.

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