AbstractThe damage of extreme precipitation to the social economy and ecological environment has attracted extensive attention. Daily precipitation data of 59 meteorological stations located in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region were selected, where the temporal and spatial distribution and variation characteristics of extreme precipitation from 1961 to 2017 were comprehensively analyzed by percentile threshold method, precipitation tendency rate method, the trend-free pre-whitening Mann Kendall trend test, Mann Kendall mutation test, and other methods. Further, three methods, the continuous wavelet transform, cross wavelet transform, and wavelet coherence analysis, were selected to analyze the correlation between extreme precipitation index and six atmospheric circulation indexes. Results show that from 1961 to 2017, the precipitation in Xinjiang increased, and the extreme precipitation (R99P), extreme precipitation days (R99D), extreme precipitation contribution rate (R99C), and extreme precipitation intensity (R99I) showed a significantly increasing trend. Due to the influence of topography, the spatial distribution of extreme precipitation is bounded by the Tianshan Mountains, decreasing from northwest to southeast, meeting the characteristics of “Northern Xinjiang is greater than Southern Xinjiang,” indicating obvious spatial heterogeneity. Among the selected atmospheric circulation indexes, Western Pacific Subtropical High Intensity Index (WPSHII) and Western Pacific Subtropical High Intensity Index (SCSSHII) contribute significantly to extreme precipitation events in Xinjiang. There is an obvious positive correlation between SCSSHII and extreme precipitation index. In other words, the greater the SCSSHII, the greater the frequency and frequency of extreme precipitation events in the study area, and the more prone it is to natural disasters such as rainstorms and floods.

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