CIVIL ENGINEERING 365 ALL ABOUT CIVIL ENGINEERING



AbstractSeveral widely used field methods for estimating postliquefaction ground deformation are based on the laboratory data from one series of cyclic simple shear tests performed on one uniform clean sand reconstituted to three relative densities. It is not clear if the trends of this one data set are applicable to other clean sands, nonplastic silty sands, and nonplastic silts. A database of 579 test results on postliquefaction volumetric strain, including 299 test results that relate maximum shear strain to the factor of safety against liquefaction triggering, was compiled and used to examine trends for these soils. The database includes postcyclic test data on 10 clean sands, 2 gravels, 3 silty sands, 5 silts, and 3 clayey soils. The enlarged cyclic testing database was used to develop models that estimate postliquefaction volumetric strain and maximum shear strain as a function of soil type, state, and seismic demand. The models are applicable to uniform nonplastic soil. The state parameter was used in addition to relative density and void ratio to characterize the state of the soil. Correlations between these parameters enable the full data set to inform the models.



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