CIVIL ENGINEERING 365 ALL ABOUT CIVIL ENGINEERING



AbstractDeep geological repositories are the sole option for safeguarding the atmosphere from hazardous radiation from high-level radioactive waste. Hyperalkaline pore fluids are produced when fluids from host rocks penetrate through the concrete/cement layers of such repositories, the layers created as bulkheads in vaults or to facilitate gallery access between buffers and the host rock. Such fluids also disperse through the compacted bentonite layers placed around the steel canisters that contain the waste in the repositories. The corrosion of steel canisters inside such repositories can be observed over a certain time. Chemical corrosion can lead to harmful leachates that can seep through the compacted bentonite layers that surround the steel canisters, altering the bentonite properties. In addition, these compacted bentonite layers are subjected to thermal histories due to the canisters emitting continuous heat (150°C to 200°C). These compacted bentonite layers have to hold up under these three conditions in repositories, all of which can affect the swelling properties of the bentonite. Two bentonite samples (B1 and B2) from Rajasthan’s Barmer area were mixed with corrosion products and compacted to dry densities of 1.5, 1.75, and 2.0 Mg/m3 for this investigation. Thermal histories were induced at 110°C and 200°C for 3 h to prepare samples that were then saturated with hyperalkaline cement water. The presence of corrosion products resulted in a decrease in swelling pressure values when compared with samples without adding corrosion products. This decrease was more significant with an increase in the temperature of the induced thermal history.



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