CIVIL ENGINEERING 365 ALL ABOUT CIVIL ENGINEERING


This is a book that shows how to “see” structures as being integral to architecture. It engages a subject that is both about understanding the mechanical aspects of structure as well as being able to relate this to the space, form, and conceptual design ideas that are inherent to the art of building.

Analyzing the structural principles behind many of the best-known works of architecture from past and present alike, this book places the subject within a contemporary context. The subject matter is approached in a qualitative and discursive manner, illustrated by many photographs and structural behavior diagrams. Accessible mathematical equations and worked-out examples are also included so as to deepen a fundamental understanding of the topic.

This new, color edition’s format has been thoroughly revised and its content updated and expanded throughout. It is perfect as either an introductory structures course text or as a designer’s sourcebook for inspiration, for here two essential questions are addressed in parallel fashion: “How do structures work?” and “What form do structures take in the context of architecture – and why so?” A rich, varied and engaging rationale for structural form in architecture thus emerges.

Table of contents :
Cover

Half Title
Title
Copyright
Contents
Dedication
Preface
Acknowledgments
1 STRUCTURING SPACE
1.1 Structure as Spatial Generator and Mechanical Object
1.2 Spatial Aspects
1.3 Mechanical Aspects
2 INTRODUCING STRUCTURAL SYSTEMS
2.1 Revealing Structures
2.2 Basic Structural Elements and Systems
2.3 Contrasting Systems in Tokyo
2.4 Fundamental Structural Actions
2.5 Overall Stability – Taking a Bird’s-eye View
3 LOADS
3.1 CaixaForum – Loads to Consider
3.2 Loads on Buildings – Dead or (a)Live?
3.3 Dead Loads – Weights of Immovable Things
3.4 National Theater Railway Station’s Underground Entrance
3.5 Occupancy Live Loads – Animate Objects, but Inanimate Too
3.6 Loading Diagrams – Abstractions of Reality
3.7 Loads from Nature – Earth, Wind, and More
4 STATICS
4.1 Polonceau – Past and Present
4.2 Isaac Newton and the Mechanical Basis of Structures
4.3 Pyramidal Contrasts – Weight vs. Lightness
4.4 Forces and Moments – Concepts to Explain Movement and Deformation
4.5 Equilibrium – A Fundamental Structural Requisite
4.6 Intermezzo Italiano
4.7 Support Conditions and Reactions
4.8 Nordic Expressions of Forces and Moments
5 MATERIALS
5.1 St. Paul’s to Tate Modern – A Material Walkabout
5.2 The Mechanical and Physical Properties of Materials
5.3 Lessons from History and Nature
5.4 Concrete, Stone, Earth, and Clay Bricks
5.5 Steel, Iron, and Aluminum
5.6 Wood and Cardboard
5.7 Glass
5.8 Fibers and Fabrics
5.9 Plastics and Composites
5.10 The Case of Chairs- Exploiting Material Properties
6 THE HANGER AND THE TIE
6.1 Jazz at Lincoln Center – A Hanging Glass Wall
6.2 Floating Space
6.3 The Vertical Hanger
6.4 Inclining the Hanger – The Stayed System
6.5 Ypsilon – An Asymmetrical Cable-Stayed Footbridge
6.6 Ties and Guys
6.7 A Tale of Tension in Two Towers
6.8 Tension Elements and Connections
7 THE BEAM AND THE SLAB
7.1 Nordic Pavilion and Jewish Museum – Contrasting Beam Patterns
7.2 Beam Origins
7.3 Equilibrium from Internal Actions
7.4 Fallingwater- Cantilevering Terraces
7.5 Visualizing Beam Actions – Shear and Moment Diagrams
7.6 Form Follows Diagram, Or Not …
7.7 Deformations and Internal Stresses
7.8 The Trouble with Beams, and Shape or Material Responses
7.9 The Virtues of Continuity
7.10 Two-Way Action and Beam Grids
7.11 From Lingotto to Sendaï – Beam Articulations
7.12 The Slab – Beams Stretched Thin
8 THE COLUMN AND THE WALL
8.1 Maison Carrée et Caré d’Art – Columns in Dialogue
8.2 Compression Elements – How They Work
8.3 Exploring the Capital
8.4 Leonard Euler and the Slender Column
8.5 Mikado – A Multitude of Columns
8.6 The Shape of Compressive Elements
8.7 The Masters’ Cruciform Columns
8.8 The Wall
8.9 Urban Ramps and Retaining Walls
9 THE TRUSS AND THE SPACE FRAME
9.1 USAF Hanger and BMW World – The Space Frame Evolves
9.2 Spanning Truss History
9.3 Triangulation and Internal Stability
9.4 Roof Systems from East and West
9.5 How Trusses Work
9.6 Joint Adventures
9.7 How Trusses Look
9.8 Two Trussed Roofs in Berlin and Bern
9.9 Space Frames – 3-D Truss Action
9.10 Tensegrity – When Columns Fly
10 THE FRAME AND THE SHEAR WALL
10.1 Greenwich Academy – Framing Light and Space
10.2 A Triad of Stabilizing Subsystems
10.3 French Frames
10.4 Shear Walls – Basic Behavior and Form Variations
10.5 Braced Frames – Basic Behavior and Form Variations
10.6 Rigid Frames – Basic Behavior
10.7 Rigid Frames – Form Variations
10.8 Nordic Moments, Nordic Spaces
10.9 The Vierendeel – Adapting the Rigid Frame
11 THE CABLE AND THE MEMBRANE
11.1 Portuguese Tension
11.2 Hanging by a Rope
11.3 Cable Shapes and Cable Forces
11.4 Stabilizing and Supporting Suspension Cables
11.5 Distinctive Small-Scale Systems
11.6 Cable Nets – A Grid of Cables
11.7 Frei Otto – The Master of Cable Nets
11.8 Fabric Membranes – A Tight Weave of Fibers
11.9 Pneumatic Structures
11.10 Ephemeral Interventions
12 THE ARCH AND THE VAULT
12.1 Padre Pio Church – The Stone Arch Revisited
12.2 Arch Form as Historical Indicator
12.3 La Cathédrale du Mans – An Arch Form Evolves
12.4 Understanding Arch Behavior
12.5 To Hinge or Not To Hinge?
12.6 Compression Forces and Bending Moments in Arches
12.7 The Foundations of the Arch
12.8 Santa Caterina Market – A Roof Takes Flight
12.9 The Vault and Light
13 THE DOME AND THE SHELL
13.1 Geodesic Domes in the Landscape
13.2 Traditional Dome – Arch Action Revisited
13.3 Shell Dome – Revolution in Structural Behavior
13.4 Due Duomi a Roma
13.5 Folded Plates and Cylindrical Shells – Beam Action Revisited
13.6 Modern Classics Spanning Space
13.7 The Hypar Shell
13.8 Beyond Surface and Geometric Purity
13.9 Four Exceptional Shell Forms

Details

TitleThe Structural Basis of Architecture, 3rd Edition 
AuthorBjørn N. Sandaker (Author), Arne P. Eggen (Author), Mark R. Cruvellier (Author)
LanguageEnglish
ISBNISBN-13: 978-1138651999 ISBN-10: 1138651990
Size97 MB
Download MethodDirect Download  
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