AbstractFlow field characterization in high-aerated flows often involves flow imaging techniques through transparent sidewalls, and the results may be subject to sidewall effects and thus differ from the central flow behaviors. This paper contributes an experimental investigation of the sidewall effects on the air-water flow distributions in quasi-two-dimensional hydraulic jumps in a rectangular flume. The tested hydraulic jumps are characterized by preaerated approach flows and large inflow Froude numbers from 10.6 to 15.1. The air-water flow properties are measured intrusively along the centerline, sidewall, and transverse cross sections to provide a three-dimensional view of the aerated flow structure. Substantial redistribution of the bubbly flow is observed due to the presence of lateral aeration boundary layers in the high-speed jet-shear region, compared to the less affected free-surface roller. The magnitude difference between the central and lateral air-water flow properties is more distinct in terms of bubble count rate and less evident for void fraction and interfacial velocity, while the affected area is broader for void fraction distributions. The results suggest a concentration of high-speed jet flow in the central bottom flow column, where the jet layer is thicker, the recirculation roller is smaller, and the proportion of small-size bubbles is higher. The width of the central flow region free of the sidewall effects is approximately 60% to 80% of the flume width in the present facility, narrower on the bottom, and broader at the free surface. The findings demonstrate that the transverse variation of air-water flow and the difference between the central and lateral flow fields should not be ignored for the high-speed flow regions of hydraulic jump. A correct assessment of the sidewall effects is essential for interpreting imaging-based measurement of highly-aerated flow.

Source link

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *