CIVIL ENGINEERING 365 ALL ABOUT CIVIL ENGINEERING



Wastewater is produced in nearly every industry across the country, and there are many different ways in which this by-product is managed, treated and disposed of. The sewage discharge produced by a variety of sectors is known as effluent. Treatment plant for its safe disposal comes in a number of guises, depending on the type of contaminant involved. Regardless of the chemical make-up of the effluent, treatment plant designed to make that water clean and safe to dispose of is a crucial, but often unseen aspect of modern manufacturing. Without safe means to treat and remove this discharge, the environmental impact could be alarmingly bad. Below, we’ll give some examples of where wastewater is produced and some of the best ways of dealing with it. There are a huge number of organisations across the company that produce wastewater, and they will all require the use of effective effluent treatment plant to ensure that they return the water to a legally safe quality before disposal. Heavy industry is probably the most obvious example of where this type of discharge will come from, and you can expect to have effluent in the following industries: Power plants Fracking Metal production Mining Chemical plants In each of these industries, their advanced technologies need water for cooling and other processes. It’s common to see contaminants such as cyanide and ammonia, which illustrates the importance of dealing with this material safely. As well as these typically heavy industries, you’ll find effluent in places such as industrial laundries, where treatment is required to remove the by-products of cleaning so many different textile products. The food production industry is another unexpected place where waste water is common – with common contaminants including pesticides and animal waste. There are a number of effective effluent treatment plant options (by which we mean the equipment etc. that is used in treating) depending on what type of contaminant is being dealt with. The three main ways of dealing with wastewater are through biological means, physical process and, lastly, chemicals. Some contaminants respond to biological treatments such as bacteria that break the contaminant down. In other cases, specific chemicals will be used that are designed to remove the dangerous substances. Physical processes include things like filtering. Professional water treatment specialists will know the best technique for each situation. There are a number of reasons why your industry should be using specialised treatments for the contaminants in your wastewater. The first one is regulatory compliance, without which you could find yourself in legal trouble. The processes can sometimes also recover materials that are useful for further processing in the future, and the last main benefit is to ensure your organisation has as little impact on the environment as possible. It probably comes as no surprise, but when dealing with sewage run-off that has potentially damaging effects on the environment, it’s always best to ensure you’re using a reputable, and professional organisation to provide your effluent treatment plant. Their knowledge and experience in waste water disposal will be extremely valuable and ensure you remain compliant with relevant local laws and regulations that determine how this by-product can safely be disposed of. Sean Clifford is an advisor at AllWater Technologies Ltd, a wholly independent company providing consultation and water treatment equipment, including effluent treatment plant and reverse osmosis water systems. Bringing together a host of experience and specialist knowledge, the company is committed to building and maintaining long-term relationships and creating maximum value and benefit for their customers.
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